LENS TYPES

SINGLE VISION

The entire lens is same power throughout it, and may correct either Myopia (near-sightedness), Hyperopia (far-sightedness) or Astigmatism. Single Vision lenses correct for a single point of focus whether it be Distance, Intermediate, or Near.

BIFOCAL

This type of multifocal contains 2 different powers in the lens. Standard Bifocals typically come in a Flat Top 28(FT28), Flat Top 35(FT35) or Executive. 28 and 35 represent how wide the bifocal is from side to side and Executive represents that the bifocal goes across the entire lens.

TRIFOCAL

This type of multifocal contains 3 different powers. Typically the top power is for distance, the middle power is for intermediate, and the bottom power is for reading. Trifocals also come in 7 x 28, 8 x 35, and Executive.

Progressive (?)

Instead of having just 2 or 3 lens powers like bifocals or trifocals, progressive lenses provide a seamless progression of many lens powers for all viewing distances. Progressive lenses also have more cosmetic appeal due the invisible zones and no harsh lines like bifocal and trifocals.

LENS MATERIALS

( Thickest to Thinnest ) PRO's Con's
Plastic
Index:1.498 Abbe: 58
Almost as Clear as Glass
Less Expensive - Tintable
Breakable - Heavy
Thicker than Poly
Glass
Index:1.52 Abbe: 59
Highest Abbe Heavy
Easily Breakable
Trivex
Index:1.54 Abbe: 45
Impact Resistant - Tintable
Blocks 100% of UV - Lightweight
Higher Abbe than Polycarbonate
Thicker than Poly
Polycarbonate
Index:1.586 Abbe: 30
Lightweight
Blocks 100% UV
Impact Resistant - Best Value
Lower Abbe
Hi-Index
Index:1.67 Abbe: 32
Thick and Light
Blocks 100% UV
Lower Abbe
Ultra-Hi-Index
Index:1.74 Abbe: 45
Thinnest Lens Available
Blocks 100% UV
Lower Abbe
More Brittle

Index of Refraction

The index of refraction (also called the Refractive index) is a measure of how efficiently a lens material can bend light.  The index of refraction of eyeglass lens materials usually ranges from 1.50 (regular plastic) to 1.74 (on variety of high index plastic.)  In other words, the thickness of the lens.

Abbe Value

In optics and lens design, the Abbe number, also known as the V-number or constringence of a transparent material, is a measure of the material’s dispersion (variation of refractive index versus wavelength), with high values of V indicating low dispersion.  In other words, the clarity of the lens.

LENS & FRAMING SIZING